Hindu Goddess


Goddess term is referred to female deity. In some cultures goddesses are associated with Earth, motherhood, love, and the household. In other cultures, goddesses also rule over war, death, and destruction as well as healing.

Hindu Goddess Lakshmi deviAncient India – Goddesses

Aditi – Hindu Great Goddess, as the Woman Clothed with the Sun. Sun Goddess, Mother of all the Lights of Heaven. She gave birth to the twelve zodiacal spirits.

Ananta – Indian Serpent Queen. aka Sarparajni. She enveloped all gods during their death, sleeping between incarnations.

Banka-Mundi – Hunting Goddess of the Khoud. Merely uttering her name made one fearless against jungle beasts.

Bardaichila – Assamese Storm Goddess.

Bentakumari – Assamese Water Goddess. First fish of the season was given to her.

Bhasundara – Tibetan Goddess of Prosperity

Bhavani – Common name for Mother Goddess of India. Bestower of Existence. Evoked by women in labor, who burned perfume to honor her.

Bisal-Mariamna – Shakti of Sunlight in Mysore. Symbolized by a brass pot full of water called the Kunna – Kannadi or ‘eye mirror’. Into this pot are put pepper leaves and coconut flowers, a small metal mirror leans against it.

Budhi Pallien – Assamese Forest Goddess, appears as a tiger roving through the Indian jungle.

Chomo-Lung-Ma – Goddess Mother of the Universe, original name of Mt. Everest. One of the oldest Indian deities.

Devi – Dearly Beloved Goddess

Durga – the Queen Mother, Warrior Goddess, rode tigers into battle defending Her children, the gods.

Hudigamma – Hindu Mother Goddess served by eunuch priests dressed in women’s clothes.

Indrani – Queen of the gods.

Ista Devata – Tantric Patroness of the Self. Individual Guardian Angel of the Enlightened Sage.

Kadru – Serpent Goddess, Mother of the Nagas, or Cobra people.

Kali РBlack Earth Mother, Conqueror of Time, Goddess of fertility, death and regeneration. Dark Mother, Hindu triple Goddess of creation, preservation and destruction. Birth and Death Mother.  Also known as Jagadamba.

Kauri – Indo-European Swan Goddess. Cowrie shell was sacred to Her.

Khon-Ma – Mother Earth, Ruler of All Spirits emanating from the Earth element.

Kundalini – Serpent Goddess representing the inner power of the human body

Kurukulla – Dravidian Goddess of Caverns.

Lakshmi – Goddess of fortune, wealth and abundance. Portrayed as a golden skinned woman sitting or standing on a lotus, Her symbol. Hindu Goddess of Sovereignty. Source of the divine drink Soma. aka Padma, Lady Lotus. Goddess of Beauty and Good Fortune.

Manasa-Devi – Serpent Goddess of Bengal, identified with the Moon, bearing the Moons’s magic name Mana.

Marici – Buddhist Diamond Sow, Great Goddess seated on a lotus surrounded by 7 pigs. Glorious One. Sun of Happiness.

Maya – Virgin aspect of the triple Hindu Goddess, symbolized by a Spider, spinner of magic, fate and earthly appearances. The spider’s web was likened to the Wheel of Fate and the spider to the Goddess as a Spinner, sitting at the hub of Her Wheel. Mother of the Enlightened One, Buddha. Her colors were white, red and black. Hawthorne, Her tree.

Nanda Devi – Blessed Goddess. Mountain Mother Who gave birth to the Ganges. Nanda Devi is one of the Holiest Mountains of the Himalayan chain.

Parvati – Maiden aspect of Kali. Daughter of the Mountain. Shiva’s bride. Daughter of Heaven. Also known by Maya, Sati, Durga, Shakti, Privithi. Dark and colorful, ornate and mysterious. The richness of hues in Her attire as well as Her jewels symbolize Her power. She lifts Her veil to reveal Her beauty, shining like the Sun rising over the mountain of Anapurna. The cocoon, butterfly and the karmic golden wheel reflect Her deep connection with life and death, cause and effect, and transformation.

Prajnaparamita – Personification of Wisdom

Prakriti – Nature. Sanskrit title of Kali as female Holy Trinity, commanding the Gunas, the white, red and black threads of Creation, Preservation and Destruction. She embodied past, present, future; earth, sea, sky; youth, maturity, age.

Privithi – Very ancient Earth Mother.

Sara  Kali РQueen Kali, Mother Goddess of the gypsies. The Mother, the Woman, the Sister, the Queen, the source of all Romany blood. Queen of Heaven and Earth.

Sarama – Vedic Bitch Goddess, Mother of the brindled Dogs of Yama. The Huntress.

Saranyu – Goddess Who gave birth to all animals, Mother of all Creatures. Vedic Mare Goddess, Mother of the Centaurs.

Sarasvati – White skinned Goddess of poetry, music, science and learning as well as all creative arts. Inventor of the Sanskrit language. She wears a crescent moon on her brow and rides a swan or a peacock, or is seated on a lotus. The Flowing One. Inventor of all the arts of civilization: music, letters, mathematics, calendars, magic, the Vedas and all other branches of learning. Ancient River Goddess. Queen of Heaven. Mother of Waters. aka Ganga. Originally a River Goddess, She originated in the Ocean. Great culinary Goddess, She invented Soma, or Amrita (drink of bliss). Independent of nature. Goddess of sensual love, creativity, beauty, art and music. Goddess of learning and teaching

Savitri – Hindu Mother of Civilization, She Who brought forth music and literature, rhythm, time, measurements, day and night, memory, conquest, victory and yoga.

Shakti – Tantric title of the Great Goddess. Cosmic Energy. The Tantras say the female principle antedates and includes the male principle and this female principle is the Supreme Divinity. Tantric doctrine says mortal women are life itself, and Goddess-like, because they embody the principle of Shakti. The series of Universes appear and disappear with the opening and shutting of her eyes. (from the Lalita Sahasranamam) Final union with Shakti occurred at the moment of Death, according to Tantric mystics.

Shasti – Bengali Feline Goddess depicted riding a cat. Goddess of childbirth and Protectress of Children.

Shitala – Protectress against small pox. Mothers appealed to Her for help for their children.

Sita – Furrow, the Goddess Earth as the wife of Rama (Krishna).

Smashana-Kali – Kali Ma as the Goddess of cremation grounds and other places of Death. Her yantra was an 8 petaled lotus with multiple repetitions of the inverted triangle. The meaning was Rebirth following Death. Her priestesses, called dakinis, arranged funerals and tended the dying.

Tara – Pre-Vedic Savior Goddess, known from India to Ireland. Indo-European primal Goddess Earth. An extremely ancient festival held annually at Athens was named after her; Taramata (Mother Tara) nicknamed The Rioting because of its wild orgiastic customs. The sacred grove of Tara in Ireland was the Goddess’s genital shrine. In India, Tara is called The Most Revered of the old pre-Vedic Goddesses. Wine is sacred to her.

Goddess of Compassion, The Diamond Sow. Diamonds are her sacred stone.

Uma – The Golden Goddess, personifying light and beauty. Daughter of the Mountains, Patroness of yogic ascetism. Kali’s Crone aspect. Aka Prisni, Mother of the Dark Season, Daughter of Heaven. Mother Death.

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