Visit to Taj Mahal in Agra:
Agra in itself is a fantastic town with a variety of world-renowned visitors destinations. In that the architectural wonder in Agra is Taj Mahal built in memory of his beloved wife Arjumand Banu Begum by by decree of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, is the immense mausoleum covered with white marble was built between 1631 and 1648. The “crown of buildings” is the symbol of the Indian nation.
The Taj Mahal’s genuine white-colored stone shimmers silver in the moonlight, shines gently light red at beginning, and at close of day shows the fantastic shades of the setting Sun.
Taj Mahal is the world heritage site in the city of Agra, Uttar Pradesh, located on the banks of Yamuna river. Around Taj Mahal there is Mihman Khana or assembly hall (left) and Taj Mahal mosque (right), the two almost identical buildings on either side.
Architecture of Taj Mahal :
The Taj Mahal is regarded to be the biggest structural accomplishment in the whole variety of Indo-Islamic structure. Taj Mahal is an ideal shaped monument, with focus of bilateral balance along a primary axis on which the he main features are placed. The construction material used is brick-in-lime mortar veneered with red sandstone and rock and inlay work of precious/semi stones.
The mosque and the guesthouse in the Taj Mahal complicated are designed of red sandstone contrary to the marble tomb in the center. Both the structures have a large foundation over the terrace at their front side. Both the mosque and the guesthouse are the similar components. They have a rectangular large prayer area involve three vaulted coves organized in a row with central dominant portal. The shape of the portal archways and the spandrels are veneered in white-colored rock. The spandrels are loaded with lavish arabesques of rock intarsia and the archways outlined with rope molding.
The originality of Taj Mahal can be found in some truly amazing enhancements performed by the horticulture planners and architects of Shah Jahan. One such excellent planning is placing the tomb at one end of the quadripartite lawn rather than in the actual center, which added rich depth and with viewpoint from far away perspective of the monument.
The Taj Mahal complex is taken care by the Archaeological Survey of India and the legal protection of the monument and the control over the regulated area around the monument is through the various legislative and regulatory frameworks that have been established. An area of 10,400 sq km around the Taj Mahal is defined to protect the monument from pollution.
The Taj Mahal is a year-round fascination and often busy, though new ticketing techniques have thinned crowd at optimum period. Tourists in look for of more privacy might try arriving earlier or later in the day. One time NOT to visit is on Friday, when the Taj Mahal is closed.
Since a year ago the campaigners have warned that this 358-year-old monument will collapse within five years unless urgent action is taken to shore up its foundations. The Archaeological Survey of India recently released that about 533 illegal constructions have taken place in the entire Agra circle, threatening the beauty of the monument considered as a ‘symbol of love’ worldwide.