Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti
Guru Gobind Singh jayanthi is celebrated by the Sikhs. Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Nanak Sikh Guru, was born at Patna Sahib on December 22, 1666, Poh Sudi Saptmi. Guru Gobind Singh 1666-1708 C.E. lived during an extremely dangerous time. His father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, had sacrificed his life to protect the freedom of worship by Hindus, who were being threatened with conversion or death by zealous Muslim rulers.
Guru Gobind Singh birthday generally falls in December or January or sometimes twice within a year as it is calculated according to Hindu Bikrami Calendar, which is based on the lunar calendar. According to the Nanakshahi Calendar, the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib falls annually on January 5.
The birthday of their tenth and last guru, this day witnesses’ large processions and special prayer gatherings at all Gurudwaras.In addition to his spiritual and military leadership, Guru Gobind Singh was a gifted intellectual and had many poets in his court. He was inspired to write many powerful spiritual compositions that infused a martial spirit in the people
Guru Gobind Singh gained great stature as both Saint and soldier a leader of firm spiritual principles and intense devotion to God, and at the same time, fearless dedication to protecting all people from oppression and injustice through the practice of Kshatradharma. In 1699.This included the Jaap Sahib, but He did not include them in the Sikh scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib. His writings have instead been collected in a separate volume, called the Dasam Granth.Upon His passing away, He instructed his Sikhs to regard the Guru Granth Sahib as their teacher. ‘Granth’ literally means ‘volume’ (especially, a Holy volume. ‘Sahib’ is a term of reverence used for anything sacred. The Guru Granth Sahib is the perpetual guru of the Sikhs today.
In the southern states, puligore-a sour tamarind rice dish, bobbatlu, holige- sweet stuffed bread and Ugadi Pachadi made of jagerry, raw mango pieces, neem flowers and tamarind is prepared. In Maharastra, shrikhand -a fragrant yogurt dessert, with poori-a fried puffy bread is prepared.