Dakshayani goddess of marital felicity and longevity
Goddess Dakshayani is one of thee numerous names of Monter Goddess Shakti. Goddess Sati is known as Dakshayani because she was the daughter of daksha prajapati. Dakshayani married shiva and a devoted wife , she is dark in color and fierce Kali.
Sati is a Hindu goddess of marital felicity and longevity. An aspect of Devi, Dakshayani is the first consort of Shiva, the second being Parvati, the reincarnation of Sati herself. According to popular legand Brahma ordered Daksha Prajapati to pray to mother Adi Parashakti Durga to take birth as Daksha Prajapati`s Daughter. So the Goddess took human birth at the bidding of the god Brahma.
Sati was born as a daughter of Daksha Prajapati and his wife Prasuti. Daksha was considered the son of Brahma and a great king and magnate in his own right. As the daughter of Daksha, Sati is also known as Dakshayani.
According to legend Sati is granddaughter of Brahma by Daksha, but is also great granddaughter of Brahma because Prasuti is daughter of Manu (Manu is son of Brahma). Later Brahma`s 5th head is said to have said bad words about the Vedas , listening to which Shiva lost his temper, and in the rage beheaded Brahma`s fifth head. After this incident led to animosity between Daksha Prajapati and Shiva. And so Daksha tried to distance sati from Shiva but failed, despite his efforts Sati and Shiva fell in love.
Daksha once organized a grand yajna to which all the Gods were invited, He avoided Sati and Shiva. Wanting to visit her parents, relatives and childhood friends, Sati sought to rationalize this omission. Sati reasoned within herself that her parents had neglected to make a formal invitation to them only because, as family, such formality was unnecessary; certainly, she needed no invitation to visit her own mother and would go anyway. Shiva sought to dissuade her, but she was resolved upon going; he then provided her with an escort of his ganas and bid her provoke no incident.
Self-immolation of Sati
Sati was received uncaring by her father they were soon in the midst of a heated argument. Every passing moment made it clearer to Sati that her father was entirely incapable of appreciating the many excellent qualities of her husband. The realization then came to Sati that this abuse was being heaped on Shiva only because he had wed her, she was the cause of this dishonor to her husband. Sati invoked her yogic powers or yogic Agni and immolated herself.
Shiva loved Sati more than any and would never love after her. So, he created Virabhadra and Bhadrakali, or collectively Manbhadra, two ferocious creatures who wreaked havoc and mayhem on the scene of the horrific incident. Nearly all those present were indiscriminately felled overnight. Daksha himself was decapitated.
According to some traditions, it is believed that an angry Shiva performed fearsome Tandava dance with Sati’s charred body on his shoulders. During this dance, Sati’s body came apart and the pieces fell at different places on earth. According to another version, Shiva placed Sati’s body on his shoulder and ran about the world, crazed with grief. The Gods called upon the God Vishnu to restore Shiva to normalcy and calm. Vishnu used his Sudarshana Chakra to dismember Sati’s lifeless body, following which Shiva regained his equanimity. Both versions state that Sati’s body was thus dismembered into 51 pieces which fell on earth at various places. Several different listings of these 51 holy places are known as Shakti Peethas.
After the night of horror, Shiva restored all those who were slain to life and granted them his blessings. Even the abusive and culpable Daksha was restored both to life and to kingship. His severed head was substituted for that of a goat. Having learned his lesson, Daksha spent his remaining years as a devotee of Shiva.
Accordding to Astrology Dakshayani name generally means Goddess Durga or The daughter of Daksha, is of Sanskrit, Indian origin, Name Dakshayani is a Feminine (or Girl) name. Person with name Dakshayani are mainly Hindu by religion. Name Dakshayani belongs to rashi Kark (Cancer), Meen (Pisces) with dominant planet Jupiter (Guru) and Nakshatra (stars) Arudra, Pushyami, Purva Bhadra. Name Dakshayani is associated to God/Goddess Durga, Durga / Parvati.